Room 1670 Beyster Building
Title: Controlling Hazardous Releases While Protecting Passengers in Civil Infrastructure Systems
The threat of accidental or deliberate toxic chemicals released into public spaces is a significant concern to public safety, and the real-time detection and mitigation of such hazardous contaminants has the potential to minimize harm and save lives. Furthermore, the safe evacuation of occupants during such a catastrophe is of utmost importance. This research develops a comprehensive means to address such scenarios, through both the sensing and control of contaminants, and the modeling of and potential communication to occupants as they evacuate.
This research develops a flow model using model predictive control optimization that is capable of detecting and mitigating the hazardous contaminant over several time horizons. Next, a physical prototype is built to test the real-time feasibility of the flow control model. Finally, an evacuation agent-based model is developed and coupled with the flow control model to simulate agents evacuating while interacting with a dynamic, threatening environment.